Counselling comes under the umbrella term ‘talking therapies’ which allow you to discuss your concerns and any difficult feelings you are experiencing in a safe, confidential environment. The term can mean different things to different people, but in general it is a process to engage in when you want to make a change in your life or explore your thoughts and feelings in more depth.
In this modern age, there are many different models of counselling to cover a variety of solutions and I have learned from experience that it is sometimes a combination of techniques that can be the most beneficial, being able to respond to the client’s needs at that time is far more effective than having a preconceived plan of how each session should go, which may or may not be appropriate.
Psychotherapy is one of the oldest therapies used in psychology. Sigmund Freud founded the psychoanalytic technique and is commonly known as the father of modern psychology, but many of the ideas were around were around long before he brought them together. The therapy takes a different approach to behavioural and cognitive therapies as it perceives our thoughts to be out of our conscious control. Instead, psychoanalysis believes many psychological issues stem from childhood and need to be addressed in order to be resolved. Psychological therapies generally fall into the following categories:
Behavioural Therapies, which focus on thoughts and behaviours that determine our actions, and being able to change any negative thoughts and behaviours in order to change the outcome.
Psychoanalytical and Psychodynamic Therapies, which focus on the unconscious relationship patterns that evolved from childhood and resolving those past issues that have a negative effect on our present.
Humanistic Therapies which focus on the individual person as a whole, using their own positive traits and instincts to find a solution.
Working with bereavement and end of life care has its own favoured methods and therapeutic processes, but I believe that you, the client should always come first. Anyone in such an emotionally vulnerable situation requires and deserves to have their own psychological needs met in order to allow any positive healing to take place.